Epidermal Inclusion Cyst (also known as Epidermoid cyst or Sebaceous cyst) is a benign encapsulated, sub-epidermal nodule filled with keratin material. This is one of the commonest masses seen in the eyelid.
People often forget that food is also made up of chemicals- each of which have their own toxicity levels. Enough of the regular garden variety chocolate can kill a mid sized dog by poisoning. Many of these supposedly “immunity boosting” ingredients- Turmeric, Fenugreek (Methi) seeds, chawanprash, basil(Tulsi), Aloe Vera when consumed in large quantities can cause liver and kidney issues in people
Blepharoplasty is the removal and repositioning of the skin, muscle and fat of the upper and/or lower eyelid. In the lower eyelid the incision is made along the skin just beneath the eyelashes or in the moist surface of the eyelid known as conjunctiva. This involves repositioning of prolapsed orbital fat on both sides by draping the fat to the orbital rim area- which gives an aesthetically better appearance. This technique is done with an incision on the inside of the eyelid without a skin incision making the surgery “scarless”.
Blepharoplasty is the removal and repositioning of the skin, muscle and fat of the upper and/or lower eyelid. In the upper eyelid the incision is made and hidden in the natural lid crease. In the lower eyelid the incision is made along the skin just beneath the eyelashes or in the moist surface of the eyelid known as conjunctiva.
A 48 year old patient had a painfully blind right eye for which he wanted resolution with best aesthetic outcome.
Whether a particular drug is branded or generic, it’s efficacy and safety profile should be the same. Often with the intention to reduce costs of medicines, less ethical means are taken to that end. If drug regulation is poor, unethical businessmen will stop at nothing to increase their profit margins. Our focus should not only be in reducing costs of drugs but more on ensuring that quality and reliable safe drugs reach the end consumers-the patients.
AI robots will be complementary to human doctors and won’t be a zero-sum game for a long time to come. AIs will help us reduce our mistakes, decrease our workload, make us work more sane hours and in turn manage our work-life balance- but at least in the foreseeable future they aren’t going to replace us. Maybe it will lead to lot of us doing less mundane, repetitive jobs and with doctors doing much higher intellectual level work.
BCC is one of the commonest eyelid malignancies in India. While in the west, BCC accounts for nearly 90% of the eyelid malignancies, in the Indian subcontinent, BCC cedes it’s top position to Sebaceous cell carcinoma in India. BCC is a non-melanocytic cancer of the skin arising from basal cells of the epidermis. It is mostly seen on sun exposed areas, particularly in the head and neck region. BCC is caused by skin damage caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light thus explaining the preponderance of this cancer in Caucasian skin which does not have the protective effect of melanin.
The Eyebrow is a unique facial aesthetic unit and it’s importance to the face is apparent only when it is disfigured with loss of the hair bearing skin like in this case. Likewise, reconstruction of the eyebrow is challenging because the thickness and direction of the eyebrow hair which is unique and not easy to replicate with hair transplants from other hair bearing areas.
Blepharophimosis syndrome is also knows as BPES (Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome). It is an autosomal dominant condition usually inherited from parents but not always.