Epidermal Inclusion Cyst (also known as Epidermoid cyst or Sebaceous cyst) is a benign encapsulated, sub-epidermal nodule filled with keratin material. This is one of the commonest masses seen in the eyelid.
BCC is one of the commonest eyelid malignancies in India. While in the west, BCC accounts for nearly 90% of the eyelid malignancies, in the Indian subcontinent, BCC cedes it’s top position to Sebaceous cell carcinoma in India. BCC is a non-melanocytic cancer of the skin arising from basal cells of the epidermis. It is mostly seen on sun exposed areas, particularly in the head and neck region. BCC is caused by skin damage caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light thus explaining the preponderance of this cancer in Caucasian skin which does not have the protective effect of melanin.
In an earlier era, these tumours would be removed via a craniotomy (brain surgery) by neurosurgeons or a disfiguring open surgery sometimes causing the loss of vision in the involved eye by other surgeons- that’s way too much morbidity for a benign tumour. But with the advent of modern day techniques and skilled oculoplastic surgeons performing orbitotomy today to remove such tumours, this surgery’s risks and complications is very low with the added advantage of a scarless as well as without even having to remove bone. This surgery is followed by a mostly uneventful recovery period.
Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia (OSSN) is a spectrum of pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions of the conjunctival epithelium (transparent coat covering the surface of the eye). The good news is that, this type of cancer can be completely cured by surgery and/or chemotherapy eye drops if diagnosed before it becomes an invasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic is changing the infection, transmission and safety practices of medical establishments globally. From evidence that is available presently, the risk of transmission of this virus is high amongst medical personnel involved in procedures and surgeries around the head and neck region- Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Craniomaxillofacial surgery, Head and Neck Oncology, Neurosurgery including Anesthesiology. The field of Oculoplastic Surgery has risk factors common to both ophthalmology and all of the above craniofacial subspecialties. While clear directives and strategies to handle elective, urgent and emergency surgeries in SARS-Cov2 positive patients is constantly evolving, we herewith attempt to consolidate various guidelines from various relevant professional global medical societies which will be beneficial to the orbit, oculoplastic and ophthalmic trauma surgeon and also their hospital administrators.
I wasn’t a natural at being a doctor and struggled a little bit in medical school. Medical school was sometimes confusing and intimidating. I picked up empathy along the way and learnt to be compassionate to other people. I found out that I loved the difference that I bought to others and got better at doing my job. A lot of what I love about my job today, I discovered while being a doctor. If I hadn’t taken up medicine I would have never found out how much I would enjoy it.
A Customized ocular prosthesis (prosthetic eye) is considered when we have to remove an eye due to Eye Cancer (for example Retinoblastoma in children) Irreparable eye injury due to trauma (children & adults) Cosmetically disfigured eyeball with no hope of visual rehabilitation There are two professionals required for the success of this surgery Doctor- AnContinue reading “Customized Eye Prosthesis Surgery”
Today Retinoblastoma is treated using a team based approach. The team consists of an Ocular Oncologist, Pediatric Oncologist, Radiation Oncologist, Pathologist, Interventional radiologist and an Ocularist. This approach has resulted in fantastic success in care for children with Retinoblastoma.
This is the heartbreaking world of Retinoblastoma and I’m sure this happens in most parts of India as well where doctors treating this dreadful cancer have to fight superstitions, parental denials, costs, cultures, quacks and witch doctors.
Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery is a subspecialty of Ophthalmology which deals with the orbit (eye socket), eyelids, tear ducts, and the face. It also deals with the reconstruction of the eyelid, the eye socket, and surrounding structures. Lately as a natural progression this branch has been getting into Facial Aesthetics in a big way in the form of Brow lifts, facelifts,Botox, fillers and Facial Rejuvenation.