Finding a road to the fistula

It is very rare that oculoplastic surgeons are asked to provide access to interventional neuro-radiologists. This is one such case. We have performed such interventions in 3 cases till date at our hospital with similarly successful outcomes. The important thing to remember as a surgeon while accessing the SOV is that the vein is arterialised due to the CCF and bleeding can be very severe is the vessel wall is damaged.

The Dumbbell on the Eyelid

Epidermal Inclusion Cyst (also known as Epidermoid cyst or Sebaceous cyst) is a benign encapsulated, sub-epidermal nodule filled with keratin material. This is one of the commonest masses seen in the eyelid.

Eyebags of Worry- Trans-conjunctival Lower lid Blepharoplasty

Blepharoplasty is the removal and repositioning of the skin, muscle and fat of the upper and/or lower eyelid. In the lower eyelid the incision is made along the skin just beneath the eyelashes or in the moist surface of the eyelid known as conjunctiva. This involves repositioning of prolapsed orbital fat on both sides by draping the fat to the orbital rim area- which gives an aesthetically better appearance. This technique is done with an incision on the inside of the eyelid without a skin incision making the surgery “scarless”.

Blepharoplasty- Eyelid Lift Surgery

Blepharoplasty is the removal and repositioning of the skin, muscle and fat of the upper and/or lower eyelid. In the upper eyelid the incision is made and hidden in the natural lid crease. In the lower eyelid the incision is made along the skin just beneath the eyelashes or in the moist surface of the eyelid known as conjunctiva.

The rodent that dug into the eyelid! Basal Cell Carcinoma

BCC is one of the commonest eyelid malignancies in India. While in the west, BCC accounts for nearly 90% of the eyelid malignancies, in the Indian subcontinent, BCC cedes it’s top position to Sebaceous cell carcinoma in India. BCC is a non-melanocytic cancer of the skin arising from basal cells of the epidermis. It is mostly seen on sun exposed areas, particularly in the head and neck region. BCC is caused by skin damage caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light thus explaining the preponderance of this cancer in Caucasian skin which does not have the protective effect of melanin.

Opening the eyes! Blepharophimosis

Blepharophimosis syndrome is also knows as BPES (Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome). It is an autosomal dominant condition usually inherited from parents but not always.